Understanding the Glucophage Side Effects
Medicines react differently with people and may cause little or no side effects. Glucophage side effects should immediately be relayed to the doctor for immediate action.
Common side effects that could occur are nausea, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, gas, indigestion or experiencing a metallic taste in the mouth, which could last temporarily.
If Glucophage side effects persist or become severe, you should get medical aid immediately:
Severe reactions experienced from allergens such as hives, itching, rash, swelling of the lips, tongue, mouth or face or breathing difficulties and feeling of tightness around the chest area. Other symptoms may be discomfort, chest pain, dizzy spells, light-headedness, breathing difficulties, cold clammy feeling, sore throat that is persistent, general listlessness, weakness, muscle pain, irregular or slow heartbeat, persistent abdominal pain, weakness, tiredness or unusual feeling of drowsiness.
The above list is not complete as there are other Glucophage side effects that could occur. It is best to contact your doctor if you have further questions on this and seek proper medical guidance on the subject. The Guide to Reporting Problems to FDAA gives you details on how to contact the right agency to report any side effects.
Nearly 20% patients who were prescribed Metformin reported mild and transient Glucophage side effects which indicate that the medication is well tolerated.
Lactic acidosis is a condition that requires immediate treatment and evaluation on an emergency basis. Nearly 50.3% people are prone to experience fatal consequences. Patients on Metformin who show signs of illnesses such as malaise, stomach discomfort, myalgia , somnolence and so on should be tested to eliminate the metabolic etiology such as lactic acidosis.
Patients who suffer from severe acidosis may display symptoms such as stomach pain, dyspnea, hypotension, vomiting, nausea, bradycardia and hypothermia.
The concentration of blood glucose and lactic acid, Metformin, serum electrolytes and blood pH excluding ketoacidosis is included when making a laboratory evaluation of lactic acidosis that is induced with consumption of Metformin.
Patients who suffer from lactic acidosis should immediately seek care from medical institutions. Hemodialysis is generally given to remove the Glucophage side effects from the body and correct the problem. This sort of treatment works well to improve the situation. Clinical studies on the subject indicate that dialysis using buffed bicarbonate is a very effective treatment.
Lactic acidosis can cause fatal metabolic side effects. Studies prove that 1.5 cases are affected with lactic acidosis in every 10,000 of patient years. The risk is escalated with patients suffering from abnormal renal functioning though such incidences are quite rare. The risk of contracting lactic acidosis is high when patients develop sepsis, hypoxia or simultaneous liver or cardiovascular diseases.
Patients who were prescribed Metformin as monotherapy seldom faced problems such as hypoglycaemia. The chances of contracting hypoglycaemia increases when patients resort to strenuous exercise reduce their calorie intake; suffer from general debilitation, pituitary or adrenal insufficiency and frequently use ethanol.
Symptoms of nausea, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, flatulence, anorexia, diarrhea and experiencing a metallic taste are associated with gastrointestinal effects. Studies also indicate nearly 20% incidences of diarrhea.
The side effects of hematology include vitamin B12 malabsorption which is due to deficiencies occurring in various factors and mechanisms in early 30% patients who underwent treatment. Occurrences of megaloblastic anemia have been noted. It has been necessary to discontinue Metformin and supplements of vitamin B12.
One particular case of leukocytoclastic vasculitis has also manifested itself with pneumonitis.